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Fraud
What is Fraud?
Intentional deception resulting in injury to another, as when a person makes false statements, conceals or omits material facts. A false statement is fraudulent if it is made knowingly, without believing it to be true, or carelessly stated, without regard for the truth. (VA Code §18.2-163 to §18.2-246.13)

Credit / Debit Card Fraud
Credit / debit card fraud is committed when one person 1) fraudulently obtains, takes, signs, uses, sells, buys, or forges someone else's credit or debit card or card information; 2) uses his or her own card with the knowledge that it is revoked or expired or that the account lacks enough money to pay for the items charged; and 3) sells goods or services to someone else with knowledge that the credit or debit card being used was illegally obtained or is being used without authorization. (VA Code §18.2-191 to §18.2-197)

Insurance Fraud
Insurance fraud occurs most often when an insured individual or entity makes a false or exaggerated insurance claim, seeking compensation for injuries or losses that were not actually suffered. Insurance fraud can also be committed upon customers, through 1) the sale of unlicensed or bogus insurance coverage to unsuspecting clients, or 2) an insurance broker or agent's diversion or theft of insurance premiums paid by clients. (VA Code Title 38.2)

Computer Fraud
Computer fraud is if any person who uses a computer or computer network, without authority and (1) obtains property or services by false pretenses; (2) embezzles or commits larceny; or (3) converts the property of another; is guilty of the crime of computer fraud. (VA Code §18.2-152.3)

Prescription Fraud
Prescription fraud is when any person who, for compensation, knowingly assists another in unlawfully procuring prescription drugs from a pharmacy or other source he knows is not licensed, registered or permitted by the licensing authority of the Commonwealth or a person uses not their name for the purpose of obtaining a prescription. (VA Code §18.2-258.2) It can happen in several different ways: (1) stealing a physicians prescription pad to write prescriptions for a fictitious name (2) altering the prescription by increasing the quantity of order (3) making a false prescription using the computer either with a fictitious physician’s name

Check Fraud
Check fraud is for any person, within a period of 90 days, to issue 2 or more checks, drafts or orders for the payment of money in violation of § 18.2-181 (Bad Checks), with a value of $200 or more and which (i) are drawn upon the same account of any bank, banking institution, trust company or other depository and (ii) are made payable to the same person, firm or corporation, shall be guilty of a Class 6 Felony. (2) Or if any person who shall make, draw, utter, or deliver two or more checks, drafts, or orders within a period of 90 days which has a represented value of $1,000 or more, for the payment by any banking institution, trust company, or other depository on behalf of any taxpayer for the payment of any state tax (VA Code § 58.1-486 or § 58.1-637); and at the same time knows that the account has not sufficient funds for the payment shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. (VA Code §18.2-181.1 and §18.2-182.1)

Construction Fraud
Construction fraud is if any person obtains from another an advance of money, merchandise or other thing, of value, with fraudulent intent, with a promise to perform construction, removal, repair or improvement of any building or structure or any other improvements and fails or refuses to perform such promise, and also fail to substantially make good such advance, he shall be deemed guilty of the larceny of such money. If he fails to return such advance within 15 days of a request, a letter shall be sent by certified mail, return receipt requested, to his last known address or to the address listed in the contract. (VA Code §18.2-200.1)

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